DoD Biodiversity Conservation Handbook
Chapters:Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10Chapter 11IntroductionCase StudiesAcknowledgements
Chapter 1: Biodiversity and the Military Mission; By  Bruce A. Stein, Ph.D

Literature Cited in Chapter 2

Bestelmeyer, B.T., J.R. Brown, K.M. Havstad, R. Alexander, G. Chavez and J.E. Herrick. 2003. Development and use of state-and-transition models for rangelands. Jour. Range Manage. 56:114–126.

Carignan, V. and M-A Villard. 2002. Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: A review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 78: 45–61.

Christensen, N.L., et al. 1996. The report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem Management. Ecological Applications 6: 665–691.

Clements, F.E. and V.E. Shelford, 1939. Bioecology. (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1939).

Egler, F. 1977. The Nature of Vegetation: Its management and mismanagement. (Norfolk, Connecticut: Aton Forest,1977).

Ervin J. 2002. Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology. Gland (Switzerland): World Wide Fund for Nature.

Forman, R.T.T. 1995. Land Mosaics. The ecology of landscapes and regions. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Groves, C.R. 2003. Drafting a conservation blueprint: a practitioner's guide to planning for biodiversity. (Washington: Island Press, 2003).

Hockings, M., S. Stolton, N. Dudley, and J.D. Parrish. 2001. Enhancing Our Heritage Toolkit: The Workbook on How to Build Assessment, Monitoring, and Reporting Systems on Management Effectiveness of World Heritage Sites. (Accessed 18 August 2003 at docs_public.asp)

Holling, C.S. 1992. Cross-scale morphology, geometry, and dynamics of ecosystems. Ecological Monographs 62: 447–502.

Karr, J.R., and E.W. Chu. 1999. Restoring Life in Running Waters: Better Biological Monitoring. (Washington: Island Press, 1999).

Karr, J.R., and D.R. Dudley. 1981. Ecological perspective on water quality goals. Environmental Management 5: 55–68.

Leopold, A. 1933. Game Management. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933).

Leopold, A. 1953. Round River. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1953).

Maddox, G.D., K.A. Poiani, and R.S. Unnasch. 1999. Evaluating management success: using ecological models to ask the right monitoring questions. p 563-584 In: Sexton, W.T, A.J. Malk, R.C. Szaro and N.C. Johnson (eds). Ecological Stewardship: A common reference for ecosystem management. Vol III (Oxford, UY.K.: Elsevier Science, 1999).

Margoluis, R., and N. Salafsky. 2001. Is Our Project Succeeding? A Guide to Threat Reduction Assessment for Conservation. (Washington: Biodiversity Support Program, 2001).

Noss, R.F., E.T. LaRoe, J.M. Scott. 1995. Endangered Ecosystems of the United States: A Preliminary Assessment of Loss and Degradation. (Washington: US Department of the Interior, National Biological Service. Biological Report no. 28, 1995).

Noss, R.F. 1990. Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: A hierarchical approach. Conservation Biology 4:355-364.

Noss, R. F. and A. Y. Cooperrider. 1994. Saving nature's legacy: Protecting and restoring biodiversity. (Washington: Island Press, 1994).

Noss, R.F. 1987. From plant communities to landscapes in conservation inventories: A look at The Nature Conservancy (USA). Biological Conservation 41:11–37.

Noss, R.F. 1996. Ecosystems as conservation targets. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11: 351.

Noss. R. F. 1990. Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: A hierachical approach. Conserv. Biol. 4:355–364.

Orians, G.H, and M.J. Groom 2006. Global Biodiversity: Patterns and Processes. In: Groom, M.J., G.K. Meffe, and C.R. Carroll. Principles of Conservation Biology 3d ed. (Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, 2006).

Pickett, S.T.A. and P. S. White (eds). 1986. The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. (New York: Academic Press, 1986).

Poiani, K.A., B.D. Richter, M.G. Anderson, and H.E. Richter. 2000. Biodiversity conservation at multiple scales: functional sites, landscapes, and networks. BioScience 50:133–146.

Salafsky N., and R. Margoluis. 1999. Threat reduction assessment: A practical and cost-effective approach to evaluating conservation and development projects. Conservation Biology 13: 830–841.

Sanderson E.W., K.H. Redford, A. Vedder, P.B. Coppolillo, and S.E. Ward. 2002. A conceptual model for conservation planning based on landscape species requirements. Landscape and Urban Planning 58: 41–56.

Sanderson, E.W., Redford K.H., A. Vedder, P.B. Coppolillo, and S.E. Ward. 2002. A conceptual model for conservation planning based on landscape species requirements. Landscape and Urban Planning 58: 41–56.

Scheffer, M., Carpenter, S., Foley J.A., Folke C., and B. Walker. 2001. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 413: 591–596.

Schwartz, M.W. 1999. Choosing the appropriate scale of reserves for conservation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 83–108.

Yoakum, J., and W. Dasmann. 1971. Habitat manipulation practices. Pages 173–231 in R. Giles, editor, Wildlife Management Techniques. 3rd ed. (Washington: The Wildlife Society, 1971).

Young, T.F., and S. Sanzone, eds. 2002. A Framework for Assessing and Reporting on Ecological Condition: An SAB Report. Washington: EPA Science Advisory Board. Report no. epa-sab-epec-02-009. (Accessed 29 July 2003 at http://www.epa. gov/sab).

© Copyright 2008. NatureServe.

Sections In This Chapter

About This Chapter's Author
Bob Unnasch is Senior Conservation Scientist, The Nature Conservancy

Sources of Information
Click here to view other sources of information for this chapter.

View this Chapter in PDF Format
Click here to download Chapter 2 as a PDF.

NatureServe DoD