Strategic Planning for Biodiversity Management
Planning for the conservation and/or enhancement of biodiversity on installations
with multiple land uses requires that a strategic approach is taken to ensure
ecosystem integrity and sustainability. Ecological integrity is one of the operating
tenets of ecosystem management, and maintaining system integrity is consistent
with DoDI 4715.3 (1996). Ecosystem integrity, as defined by Angermeier and
Karr (1994), is "the ability to support and maintain a balanced, integrated, adaptive
community of organisms having a species composition, diversity, and functional
organization comparable to that of natural habitat of the region."
Biodiversity management involves restoring, protecting, conserving, and enhancing
the variety of biological resources. When land use goals vary or conflict
with biodiversity conservation, then biodiversity management must be proactive
and protective. Restoring biodiversity once it has been degraded is not simple
damage repair. In some cases repair may not be possible, and so every effort must
be taken to protect and conserve biodiversity.
Conserving biodiversity in the context of multiple land uses and within the
confines of DoDlands has indisputable merits. However, the benefits are more
likely realized when they extend "beyond the fence" and are conducted within
a regional context, and when they are defined more by ecosystem considerations
than by legal or political boundaries. Initiatives such as the Army Compatible
Use Buffers (ACUB) Program (http://aec.army.mil/usaec/natural/natural03a.html), provide an opportunity for installations to pursue biodiversity
conservation goals beyond the installation boundary. acubs present the opportunity
to more effectively manage for biodiversity by incorporating approaches
over large scale regional and sub-regional landscapes a primary tenet of ecosystem
To meet the challenges of biodiversity conservation, specific long-term biodiversity
management goals and objectives should be developed and the associated
actions and projects should be identified and described, and incorporated into an
installation's INRMP. During the annual INRMP review and update, resource managers
and planners should consider the following biodiversity points for military
training, and for other installation land uses (agriculture, hunting, fishing, recreation,
special management areas, etc.):
- Determine biodiversity priorities for each specific land use.
- Estimate the ecological conditions necessary to sustain the biodiversity priorities.
- Identify alternative land use strategies that may have less impact on or benefit
- Develop monitoring objectives and methods that include biodiversity and are
based on the stated management goals and desired future scenarios.
- Develop and implement adaptive management as needed when uncertainty of
the outcome is high and/or when previous efforts have been less than successful.
Specific considerations for biodiversity management are outlined below for the
typical installation land uses forestry, agriculture outleasing, hunting and fishing,
recreation, special natural areas, and training lands.
Proceed to Next Section: Biodiversity Management in Forestry and Silviculture Programs