DoD Biodiversity Conservation Handbook
Chapters:Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10Chapter 11IntroductionCase StudiesAcknowledgements
Chapter 5: Balancing Biodiversity Conservation With Multiple Uses

Literature Cited in Chapter 5

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Andrén, H. 1994. Effects of habitat fragmentation on birds and mammals in landscapes with different proportions of suitable habitat: a review. Oikos 71: 355–364.

Angermeier, P. L. and J. R. Karr. 1994. Biological integrity versus biological diversity as policy directives. BioScience 44:690 697.

Bird, E.A., G.L. Bultena, and J.C. Gardner, eds. 1995. Planting for the Future: Developing an Agriculture that Sustains Lands and Community. (Ames, Iowa: Blackwell, 1995).

Blann, K. 2006. Habitat in agricultural landscapes: How much is enough? Defenders of Wildlife, Washington, D.C. Available at:

Bunnell, F.L. 1995. Forest-dwelling vertebrate faunas and natural fire regimes in British Columbia: patterns and implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 9: 636–644.

Cole, David N. 2004. Environmental impacts of outdoor recreation in wildlands. in Manfredo, Michael J.; Vaske, Jerry J.; Bruyere, Brett L.; Field, Donald R.; Brown, Perry J. eds, Society and natural resources: a summary of knowledge. (Jefferson, Missouri: Modern Litho, 2004).

Department of Defense Instruction 4715.3, Environmental Conservation Program, 3 May 1996. Internet: Accessed May 2007.

East Bay Municipal Utility District. 2001. East Bay Watershed Range Resource Management Plan, Section 3 Managing For Biodiversity. Watershed and Recreation Division. Orinda, California. Internet: _protection/east_bay/default.htm.

Fahrig, L. 2001. How much habitat is enough? Biological Conservation 100:65-74.

Fuhlendorf, S.D. and D.M. Engle. 2001. Rangelands: Ecosystem Management Based on Evolutionary Grazing Patterns. BioScience, 51(8):625–632.

Gayaldo, P.F. 1996. Native shrub-steppe restoration at the Yakima Training Center, Yakima, Washington. Master of Science Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle. 130pp.

Granatstein, D. 1997. Stewardship Incentives: Conservation strategies for Oregon's working landscape. Cited by Vickerman, Sara. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. Available at:

Laycock, W.A. 1983. Evaluation of management as a factor in the success of grazing systems. Managing Intermountain Rangelands— Improvement of Range and Wildlife Habitats; Proceedings of Symposia: Twin Falls, ID (September 15–17, 1981) and Elko, NV (June 22-24, 1982). Edited by S. B. Monsen and N. Shaw, USDA Forest Service. 166–171.

Legacy Resource Management Program, 2005. Resources for INRMP Implementation— A Handbook for the DoD Natural Resources Manager. Internet:

Liddle, M.J. 1997. Recreation Ecology. (London: Chapman & Hall, 1997).

Lindenmayer, F.B. and J.F. Franklin. 2002. Conserving forest biodiversity: a comprehensive multiscale approach. Washington: Island Press, 2002).

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2006. Cooperating Across Boundaries, Partnerships to Conserve Open Space in Rural America. Forest Service, Publication FS-861, August.

U.S. National Park Service (NPS). 2005. Fact sheet: Leafy Spurge. Plant Conservation Alliance Alien Plant Working Group, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas. Available at:

West, N.E. 1993. Biodiversity of Rangelands. Journal of Range Management 46: 2–13.

With, K.A. and A.W. King. 1999. Extinction thresholds for species in fractal landscapes. Conservation Biology 13: 314–326.

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About This Chapter's Author
Dorothy M. Gibb is the Technical Director at A.H. Environmental Consultants.

Joseph S. Ferris is the Principal Environmental Consultant at Parsons Brinckerhoff.

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