DoD Biodiversity Conservation Handbook
Chapters:Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10Chapter 11IntroductionCase StudiesAcknowledgements
Chapter 9: Show Me the Money

Other People's Energy, Too

Rambo uses OPE (other people's energy) as well as their funds on a lot of his conservation work. Invasive species are a problem at Pax River, as elsewhere, but the base doesn't have a huge budget for controlling them. So the base invited Eagle Scouts to come to the base and pull up invasive foliage. The base and its native species obviously benefit, but so do the Scouts: they win points for their service projects. And the installation wins some friends. (Pax River also enjoys a steady stream of environmental help from sailors who are convicted of misdemeanors in the on-site federal magistrate's court and who prefer community service to, as Rambo puts it, "cleaning toilets.")

At Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, David Beckmann is the natural resources manager for an artillery and maneuvering range that spans some 60,000 acres. The base mobilized troops during Operation Desert Shield and Storm, Desert Fix, and most recently for the war in Iraq. The base's mission changed dramatically after 9/11; before, it was most active as a summertime training station for Army National Guard and Reserve troops, leaving the winter months for conservation efforts. "Now," says Beckmann, "it's pretty much constant."

Where does Beckmann look for funds? "We try to rely a lot on the DoD," he says. "Even before 9/11, we never were guaranteed any type of funds. And then, especially after 9/11, it got even tighter." But the fort's conservationists kept searching for money. "The DoD's Legacy Resource Management Program1 is an important one that we had worked with," says Beckmann, "and also the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation2. We got grants from them. . . to really get our invasive species program off the ground. So that was a big source there." There are other sources: Beckmann does habitat restoration with funds obtained from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources' turkey stamp program; funds have come from Whitetail Unlimited and the Rough Grouse Society and are used to support the fort's hunting and fishing programs.3

DoD Legacy Resource Management Program

Congress established the Legacy Resource Management Program in 1990 "to provide financial assistance to DoD efforts to preserve our national and cultural heritage." A guide to the program states: "The program assists DoD in protecting and enhancing resources while supporting military readiness. A Legacy project may involve regional ecosystem management initiatives, habitat conservation management efforts, development of historic contexts, archaeological investigations, invasive species control, Native American consultations, archaeological collections management protocols, and/or monitoring and predicting migratory patterns of birds and animals."

When originally established in Fiscal Year 1991, the Legacy Program provided funding for specific projects on individual installations. Now, however, the guidelines prohibit such "installation-specific" projects unless they are part of a larger demonstration project that can be applied to many installations.

Three principles guide the Legacy Program: "stewardship, leadership, and partnership..." For details on the program, including information on how to submit proposals for project funding, see

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Fred Powledge is a writer and editor.

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